Royal Tomb of the Western Han (206 B.C.-A.D.24) Dynasty at Gufenyuan, Changsha City
The tomb is situated to the west of the Xiangjiang River and at Gufenyuan, Wangchengpo, Changsha City. It was excavated by Changsha Municipal Cultural Relics Work Team in 1993. The tomb with an area of about 20 Mu (13333.3 ㎡)is made up of one major grave and three subordinate ones. The opening of the major grave measures 15.98 meters by 13.1 meters and is 10 meters deep with only one step remaining below the opening. The major grave has parts named as “Zigong” (coffin chamber), “Bianfang” (for burial articles), “Huangchangticou” and “Waicangguo”. Though it was once robbed, there are still various cultural relics amounting to 2000 pieces, including articles of gold, silver, jade, bronze, iron, pottery, glass and turtle shell, lacquer and silk. Researches show that this tomb was built in the early years in the Western Han Dynasty for the queen named Yuyang (202-157 B.C.) of Changsha Kingdom. This Western Han royal tomb is the most integral one among those found from similar historical periods in Hunan Province and was listed in the Ten Major New Archaeological Discoveries in China in 1993.

Sealing Clay Inscribed with “长沙后府”

Western Han Dynasty
Length 4.7cm width 3cm thickness 0.7cm
Unearthed at the Royal Tomb at Gufenyuan, Wangchengpo, Changsha City in 1993
The sealing clay is like the seal today, which is used to seal the writ.