City Site of the Warring States (475 B.C.-221 B.C.) and Qin (221 B.C.-206 B.C.) and Han (206 B.C. –A.D. 220) in Liye, Longshan County
At Liye Town of Longshan County, lying to the east of Youshui River, this site covers approximately 20,000 square meters. The Hunan Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics made a rescue excavation at the site within an area of over 1,000 square meters from April, 2002 to cooperate with the construction of Wanmipo Hydropower Station. They discovered such cultural and historical relics as ancient city wall, ancient well, ancient tombs, bronzes, iron wares and jade articles. The most precious findings were more than 30,000 bamboo and wooden tablets from Ancient Well No.1. These tablets have hundreds of thousand words on them, recording the political, economic, military, cultural and social events of the Warring States through Qin (221 B.C.-206 B.C.) and Han (221 B.C.-A.D. 220). Of them, the number of Qin tablets exceeds the total of all the discovered in the 20th century. Moreover, the annuals on them are fairly complete with recordings of particular month and day from the 25th year of Qin’s King Zheng’s reign to the second year of Qin Ershi’s reign (222-208 B.C.). They are rare Qin’s local documents, fill the blank in history and therefore attract world-wide attention. it was included into the Ten Major New Archaeological Discoveries in China 2002.

Inscribed Wooden Tablet for multiplication table

Qin Dynasty (221 B.C.-206 B.C.)
Length 22cm width 4.5cm
Unearthed at Liye city site, Longshan in 2002
The characters on it say “Four times eight is thirty-two; five times eight is forty……”. The tablet has been confirmed to be the most ancient multiplication table and is so similar with today’s. It provides precious practical material for studying the world arithmetic history.