“Yang Guan San Die “is a piece of music played with lyre according to a poem written by Wang Wei, a famous poet in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Wang Wei wrote the poem Weicheng Tune, generally called Seeing Yuan Er off to Anxi, when he saw off a friend to serve in army at Weicheng, a small town in Yangguan neighboring the border.
The morning rain at Weicheng dampens the light dust,
The inn is green with the color of new willows.
The gentlemen urgently offer up one more cup of wine.
Going west to Yangguan there will be no old acquaintances.
The lyrics then considerably expand upon this theme.
Listed as one of ten best ancient Chinese music pieces, "Dialogue between the Fisherman and the Woodcutter" is a piece of lyre music with smooth and melodious tunes. Its melody depicts the scene of wild geese's hovering in the distant horizon before alighting on the sandbank. The music reflects the longing of hermit-minded person for a life of fishing and woodcutting, a life free of the trammels of worldly affairs. The music uses the rising tune to indicate a question and the falling tune to imply an answer. By imitating the dialogue between the fisherman and the woodcutter, the music exhibits the pleasures of the fisherman and the woodcutter in strolling freely among the green mountains and clear rivers, revealing a distain for pursuers of fame and fortune.
Listed as one of ten best ancient Chinese music pieces, "Wild Geese on the Sandbank" is a piece of lyre music with smooth and melodious tunes. Its melody depicts the scene of wild geese's hovering in the distant horizon before alighting on the sandbank.
Listed as one of ten best ancient Chinese music pieces, "Guangling Melody" was a piece of lyre music originated from the Han Dynasty. The content of "Guangling Melody" came from the lyre melody "Nie Zheng Assassinating King of Han", which mainly described a solemn story that Nie Zheng, son of a swordsmith in the Warring States Period, committed suicide after stabbing the king of Han in order to avenge his father. The main body of this music focuses on the change of Nie Zheng's emotion from hate to indignation, which profoundly portrays his unyielding willpower to avenge regardless of violence.
Listed as one of ten best ancient Chinese music pieces, "Plum Blossom Melodies" is also called "Plum Blossom Prelude" or "Jade Imperial Concubine Prelude". It is more popular in the versions of flute music and lyre music. With plum blossoms as its theme, the music sings of persons with high moral integrity through depiction of the undaunted and indomitable character of plum blossoms that burst into bloom in defiance of the ferocious cold frost, chilling gales and drifting snowflakes.
Listed as one of ten best ancient Chinese music pieces, "Autumn Moon over Han Palace" actually does not have a very long history. Not concrete and definite in theme, the music is generally believed to express the hidden bitterness and depression suffered by palace maids in the imperial palace. The urheen version and zither version are forms of performance now widely in circulation.
“Chun Jiang Hua Yue Ye” was originally a famous poem written by Zhang Ruoxu, a poet of Tang Dynasty (618--907AC), depicting the spring night view of flowers and moonlight by a river. This poem is ranked as the “best poem in Tang Dynasty”. Later, Peng Xiuwen, a famous musician in China, re-composed this poem to a piece of orchestral music, which is also listed as one of the masterpieces of Guzheng (Chinese Zither). With soft and graceful melody playing, the listeners will be led to a wonder land, enjoying the night of flowers and moonlight by the spring river.
“Xiao Xiang Shui Yun” is a piece of music played with Guzheng (Chinese Zither) composed by Guo Mian, a famous Chinese Zither player, composer and educator in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127—1279AC). This piece of music was composed in the confluence of Xiao River and Xiang River, where he felt quite patriotic for the beautiful landscapes of the country, but also quite sad and indignant because the Southern Song Dynasty was at the edge of downfall. Now, this piece of music has as many as over 50 versions.